Spanish regions support the circular economy model of the EU
The circular economy has become one of the key elements to change the state of things and to solve many of the problems we face as a society. The excessive use of resources, the increasingly shorter life cycles of products or the generation of too-much-waste can be alleviated by applying the principles of the circular economy, which seeks to give new life to the things already used and thus expand its useful life.

This management model has been arousing much interest in recent years and has won the support of many market players, including companies and public bodies. The European Union has linked objectives and has put in place measures that strengthen the circular economy and the governments of the member countries are also doing so.

In the case of Spain, the government is working on the development of the Spanish Circular Economy Strategy, "under the coordination and leadership of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment and the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness, in collaboration with the rest of the ministries involved, the autonomous communities and the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces ", as can be read on the website of the Ministry for the Ecological Transition.
Last September, the then Minister of Agriculture and Environment, Isabel García Tejerina, signed an agreement to promote the circular economy in Spain with fifty organizations. Then, they sought to reduce the use of non-renewable resources, boost the useful life of products, promote sustainable consumption or improve waste management, among other points.

Therefore, public bodies are beginning to work 'seriously' to implement the principles and benefits of the circular economy. Although the development of strategies and generalized principles is now at its peak, this does not imply that until now no work has been done in this area. The different autonomous communities have already approved different plans in this area and have already put in place measures to strengthen the circular economy and/or some of its points.

The circular economy, region to region

The current state can be discovered by reading the report Situation and Evolution of the Circular Economy in Spain, which was prepared by the Cotec Foundation in 2017 and which is, for now, the most complete report on the situation in which finds the implantation of the circular economy in the country.

In general, concluded the study, the jump to the circular economy could have great benefits for Spain, as they have already been having the first regulations that have been applied linked to its basic principles. Between 2008 and 2013, the national consumption of materials has fallen by almost 50% and the generation of municipal waste has also fallen. Not all have been positive numbers, however, in recent years. The economic crisis has meant that investment in protecting the environment in the industrial sector has fallen by 601% between 2005 and 2008.

Starting from different indicators linked to the circular economy and taking into account that most of the initiatives are still in an incipient plan and very linked to the final phase of the economic cycle, the study indicates that the situation is diverse and different in each one of them. the land on which the principles of the circular economy can be applied. By autonomous communities, the situation is also diverse.

Given that there is no state policy yet, the situation in the Autonomous Regions depends on the work that has been done in each one of them. Catalonia, the Basque Country and Andalusia have regulations and strategies that are either directly linked to the circular economy or cross-cuttingly. Other autonomous communities stand out in specific points. For example, the Basque Country has a reference eco-design plan and Galicia has been the pioneer in using public purchasing to boost innovation and the competitiveness of industries.

But, in general terms and as we read in the report, "we only find in the Basque Country and Catalonia a proper strategy in terms of Circular Economy".
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